This feature divulges into development of sustainable palm oil, the misinformation around its production and how palm oil will be instrumental in providing the future mix of edible fats and oils.
Edible oils and fats play an important role in our daily lives. They are essential for our everyday health and wellbeing. At the same time, edible oils and fats play a critical role in many economies worldwide. As the global population grows, so does the global demand for edible oils and fats. With all oils and fats having a part to play, the big challenge lies in meeting current and future demand in a sustainable manner. Palm oil, specifically, is a major driver of biodiversity loss. Voluntary standards attempt to address biodiversity decline, yet there is huge variation between standards on criteria related to biodiversity protection and level of assurance. A new benchmark report by IUCN NL helps companies and governments move towards sustainable palm oil, by providing insight in the quality and in the level of assurance of sustainability standards for palm oil.
Over the last decades, consumers may have less knowledge or have been incompletely informed and have therefore turned critical of the nutritional and sustainability aspects of palm oil. Due to joint education campaigns by experts and local organisations this critical image of palm oil has largely stabilised in the past two years. Facing the COVID pandemic consumers have become more conscious of their personal choices, this may have contributed to a willingness to dive a bit deeper and create a better understanding of how palm oil fits in a responsible lifestyle and a nutritionally balanced diet.
Oil palm cultivation can be one of the most sustainable and economically viable industries when carried out in an ethical, socially, and environmentally responsible manner, with sound, sustainable and integrated agronomic practices. In Sri Lanka, oil palms have been grown as a commercial crop for over 50 years. Its environmental impact has been determined to be similar to that of other crops such as rubber, making it an excellent environmentally responsible choice to complement traditional crops. In Sri Lanka, the strict regulatory framework that the palm oil industry operates in assures its accountability and sustainability. Land allocation for oil palm plantations is less than 3% of the total for all plantation crops including tea, rubber and coconut. Oil palms can also only be grown in existing plantations where the cultivation of traditional crops is no longer viable due to soil conditions or disease.
Margot Logman, Secretary General European Palm Oil Alliance says: “Due to its versatility, palm oil is and will be used in mixes of fats and oils and easily fits in a nutritionally balanced diet and lifestyle. It is naturally smooth and stable and was used in the nineties to replace and rid of harmful trans fats used in foods in Europe. Palm oil is a high-quality ingredient and when produced sustainably it will help feed generations to come.”
The palm oil crop is using an estimated 6.6% of the land destinated to produce vegetable oil crops, it meets 38.7% of the demand for those crops. ‘Forum for the Future’ reviewed sustainability and nutritional aspects of different oils and fats including palm oil in an extensive report: ‘Breaking down fats and oils’. It tells us that due to its versatility and high yields, sustainable palm oil has a stable position in the future demand for oils and fats.
At EPOA, all members are also RSPO member (Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil). Furthermore, they have a commitment to NDPE, or ‘No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation’. “To date this is one of the most important commitments that have been made by any agricultural industry,” Logman continues. “It signifies that palm oil production is not linked to deforestation, cultivation on peat land or exploitation of workers or indigenous people. Each of the three pillars creates specific goals for the industry to meet. They are all focused on protecting our planet’s resources and the people who grow them and live among them. With the increased scrutiny these goals bring to the industry, they also help to give consumers the reassurance they need when buying products containing palm oil.”
An NDPE commitment not only means a thorough understanding of what is needed, but it also is a promise to track progress, identify gaps where more action is needed, and work together across borders to implement the necessary changes. “Via joint efforts and cooperation with sustainable palm oil initiatives in different countries big steps have been taken, and we are proud to say that in 2019 in Europe 86% of the palm oil imported was certified sustainable,” Logman adds.
“Together with other frontrunner organisations, companies and NGOs supportive of the global transition to sustainable palm oil, we joined the Sustainable Palm Oil Choice or SPOC,” she explains. Many different experts and NGOs help organise and publish webinars and short inspiring stories, while companies are challenged to follow the eight steps to become a frontrunner in sustainable palm oil.
Building a sustainable society
Fuji Oil Group has been producing plant-based food ingredients ever since its establishment and says it has developed the know-how to maximise the potential of plants. Plant-based ingredients encapsulate enormous possibilities, with the potential to solve global problems. Fuji Oil says it works to tackle global challenges in order to contribute to building a sustainable society.
The latest developments that are most notably seen in oils and fats in confectionery products are sustainability and transparency, health and lifestyle changes, premiumisation, happiness and indulgence.
“As a B-to-B-for-C manufacturer of both plant-based oils and fats and fillings/coatings, the consumer plays an important role in our product development,” says Karen Saey, Product Manager at Fuji Oil Europe.
Consumers are questioning their own lifestyle and are looking to improve their impact on the planet’s health, as well as on other people’s lives. They increasingly and rightfully hold companies accountable for what happens in the raw material supply chain, for example with regards to human rights and deforestation.
“In the confectionery category, we find that 30% of all new product launches in Western Europe from 2017 till today hold an ethical human claim and 10% an ethical environmental claim with both claims having a growth rate exceeding that of other category positionings. Examples of such claims are Sustainable Palm Oil, Rainforest Alliance certified, Forest Stewardship Council, and so on,” explains Saey.
“Within the oils and fats, it is of vital importance to grow the amount of sustainable palm oil to avoid deforestation and drive conservation efforts. Traceability is fundamental to identify supply chain risks because this creates transparency and allows us to engage our suppliers to improve practices, with time-bound implementation plans.
Fuji Oil’s RSPO segregated palm oil is said to be guaranteed deforestation-free and 100% traceable to plantation. This way, we can manage and monitor well to ensure that environmental and human rights are respected. In support of this, we have engaged a third party – Earthqualiser Foundation – who conducts daily satellite monitoring.
Say adds: “An example of ultimate traceability is UniFuji, our unique concept with plantation, mill and refinery on one location, to grow and produce sustainable, RSPO segregated palm oil and its fractions, fully complying NDPE principles (No Deforestation, No Peat Development, No Exploitation).”
Health and lifestyle meet happiness and indulgence
Currently, shea trees grow naturally without any farming or plantation, in the dry West African savannah park lands. Compared to the highly organised agricultural system of palm oil, the contrast could not be bigger. The shea supply chain starts from collectors (small quantities per collector), which are mainly women. When women succeed to be organised in cooperatives, they can sell larger quantities and have better negotiation power as well as direct access to the shea processing industry.
Fuji Oil has its own logistics and processing facilities in Ghana, Fuji Oil Ghana. They commit to local value creation through 100% local processing of the shea kernels and fractionation of shea butter to shea stearin.
Saey says: “Further, we focus on the preservation of green areas of shea trees and zero deforestation. As the endemic poverty is the source of many other issues, we are dedicated to grow the women cooperatives. For this we have a program, and year after year, their capabilities grow to the level that they do not need pre-financing anymore. Additionally, in consideration of our environmental footprint, we promote changing to non-fossil fuels as energy source for our Fuji Oil Ghana production activities. Tebma Kandu is our program covering all initiatives and actions aiming at fulfilling our commitments.”
Fats and oils are an essential part of our diet, to support cell growth, provide energy, absorb nutrients and to produce important hormones. In bakery products, fats fulfill numerous roles – providing the desired mouthfeel and flavour experience, easy aeration, quick setting, the aimed texture and hardness, anti-bloom properties, expertly engineered processability adapted to the manufacturer’s’ capabilities. In categories like dairy, meat (substitutes) and ice cream there is a decent rise of plant-based offerings. Sustainability is now seen as a prerequisite and an enabler to aid at accomplishing the UN sustainability goals.
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Editor, International Bakery
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